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NIU students build transport for Third World

April 27, 2011

Basic Utility VehicleEngineering students from NIU have rolled out their design for a simple vehicle designed to improve the lives of people in some of the most remote and rugged areas of the world.

The vehicle was unveiled April 16 at the 11th Annual Basic Utility Vehicle Competition, hosted by the Institute for Affordable Transportation in Indianapolis. The NIU team was one of 17 from universities around the country competing to show off vehicles that IAT hopes will become the 21st century version of the Ford Model-T in rural villages.

Vehicles entered in the contest must be flexible (capable of comfortably transporting people or up to 1,200 pounds of cargo); tough and agile (able to negotiate rutted dirt, roads, muddy roads or no roads at all); and fuel efficient (able to coax at least 30 miles per gallon out of its 10 horse power engine). The design must utilize basic automotive parts readily available in third world countries, have 95 percent fewer parts than the average car and cannot cost more than $3,300 to build.

Basic Utility VehicleThe NIU team met all of those criteria, even managing to come in well under budget. The vehicle placed eighth overall and third out of five schools in the Highly Competitive division.

Members of the team were Justin Chatroop, Andrew Paul, Mike Cortese and Chris Roberts. They were advised by professor Andrew Otieno. The students built the vehicle to fulfill their Senior Design Project requirement. The project was funded, in part, by the College of Engineering and Engineering Technology and the Department of Technology.

While some components of the vehicle (the engine, transmission, etc.) were donated or scavenged, much of the vehicle was designed and fabricated from the ground up and the project provided a substantial engineering challenge, Otieno says.

While the team members did not snag the top spot (last accomplished by NIU in 2007), they already have found a home for their vehicle. It will be donated to a Catholic hospital in Kenya and used to transport medical personnel into the bush and patients back to the hospital, Otieno says.